Our skin is the biggest organ we have, requiring a lot of attention and care. Sometimes, even with a proper skincare routine, multiple skin conditions occur. Some of those conditions can be minor while others require professional medical help. All skin conditions can and should be managed, and a good dermatologist can accurately diagnose and […]

Aspergillosis is a fungal infection that I occasionally encounter in my The Woodlands dermatology and Conroe dermatology offices.  It is most commonly seen in immunosuppressed patients especially those with leukemia and other hematologic malignancies, and is the second most common opportunistic fungal infection after Candidiasis in this population.  Aspergillus fumigatusis the most common cause of […]

Protothecosis is an infection caused by an algae that I may encounter in both my The Woodlands dermatology and Conroe dermatology offices.  Prototheca wickerhamiiis the causative algae and can be found worldwide especially in contaminated water or tree slime.  In patients with a competent immune system, Protothecosis may occur as an isolated verrucous plaque or […]

Mycetoma, also called Madura foot, is an infection that usually involves the foot caused by either filamentous bacteria or fungi which I encounter in both my The Woodlands dermatology and Conroe dermatology clinics.  Typically, the infection begins with traumatic inoculation into the instep or the toe webs of the foot.  However, any body part can become […]

Fusariosis is a fungal infection that I enounter in both my The Woodlands dermatology and Conroe dermatology offices.  Fusariosis is most commonly seen in neutropenic patients, those with very low white blood cell counts unable to fight infections, and patients with a hematologic malignancy.  Fusariosis may begin in the skin and disseminate to the rest […]

Mucormycosis is a fungal infection in the Zygomyces class that I occasionally encounter in my The Woodlands dermatology and Conroe dermatology offices.  It is most commonly seen in immunocompromised patients, especially diabetics who are ketoacidotic (very poorly controlled).  Additionally, patients with leukemia, lymphoma, AIDS, severe burns, and malnourishment are also susceptible.  There are five major […]

Geotrichosis is a fungal infection that I encounter in my The Woodlands dermatology and Conroe dermatology offices.  Geotrichum candidumis the fungus which causes Geotrichosis and is normally found as part of the natural flora in milk, fruit, vegetables and soil.  It is used as a maturing agent in cheese manufacturing.  Geotrichosis is usually only seen […]

Piedra, also called Trichosporosis, is a fungal infection that I encounter in both my The Woodlands dermatology and Conroe dermatology clinics.  There are two main types of Piedra: White Piedra and Black Piedra.  Black Piedra is most often seen in the tropics and is caused by the fungus Piedraia hortai and appears like black nits surrounding […]

Coccidioidomycosis is a “deep fungus” infection which I encounter in both my The Woodlands dermatology and Conroe dermatology offices.  Coccidioidomycosis is also called San Joaquin Valley Fever and is caused by the fungus Coccidioidomyces immitis.  It is most commonly seen in California and Arizona but there are cases that occur in Texas and other Southwestern […]

Rhinosporidiosis is a “deep fungus” infection caused by the organism Rhinosporidium seeberiand is rarely encountered in my The Woodlands dermatology and Conroe dermatology offices.  Recently, there has been research indicating that Rhinosporidiosis is actually an an aquatic parasite and not a true fungus.  Rhinosporidiosis is endemic to Sri Lanka and India but can also be […]

Keloidal Blastomycosis is a “deep fungus” infection that I rarely encounter in my The Woodlands and Conroe dermatology offices.  Keloidal Blastomycosis is caused by the fungus Loboa loboi.  The skin lesions appear like keloidal nodules and the ear is the most common area affected on the body.  It is most commonly acquired from marine environments […]

Phaehyphomycosis is a group of dematiaceous fungal infections which I encounter in my The Woodlands dermatology and Conroe dermatology offices.  Dematiaceous fungi all produce pigmented hyphae as they are capable of producing melanin.  Phaehyphomycosis infections may be superficial in which only the stratum corneum is involved as in Tinea nigra.  Tinea nigra is caused by […]

Chromoblastomycosis is a “deep fungus” infection that I occasionally encounter in both my The Woodlands dermatology and Conroe dermatology offices.  Chromoblastomycosis is caused by dematiaceous fungi, which are melanin producing, and the most common cause is Fonsecaea pedrosoi.  Chromoblastomycosis usually occurs on the lower extremities and is predominantly seen in men.  Farmers are the most common […]

Sporotrichosis is a “deep fungus” which I encounter occasionally in my The Woodlands dermatology and Conroe dermatology clinics.  It is most commonly seen in patients who garden and are exposed to penetrating injuries from rose thorns or sphagnum moss containing the fungus Sporothrix schenckii. Occasionally, cats have the fungus on their claws and can transmit it via […]

Histoplasma capsulatumis a “deep fungus” causing Histoplasmosis that I have only occasionally encountered in my The Woodlands dermatology and Conroe dermatology clinics.  It is endemic to the Ohio, Mississippi and Missouri river basins and is commonly found in the soil.  Bat guana is a common source of infection and this disease is frequently seen in spelunkers.  […]

Cryptococcosis is a rare “deep fungus” infection that I see occasionally in my The Woodlands dermatology and Conroe dermatology offices.  Cryptococcus neoformans is a fungus that usually infects the lungs.  In 90% of cases, Cryptococcus remains in the lungs and only disseminates to other organs in 10% of cases.  The central nervous system is a […]

South American Blastomycosis, also called Paracoccidioidomycosis, is a “deep” fungus infection that I have only rarely seen in my The Woodlands dermatology and Conroe dermatology clinics.  South American Blastomycosis is caused by the fungus Paracoccidioides brasiliensis.  It is endemic to Brazil but can be found in Argentina and Venezuela.  It is most common amongst men who […]

North American Blastomycosis is a “deep fungus” infection which I occasionally encounter in my The Woodlands dermatology and Conroe dermatology clinics. It is caused by a fungus called Blastomyces dermatitides, which is found in the soil and is very prevalent in the Southeastern portion of the United States especially the Ohio and Mississippi river basins.  […]

Tinea Faciei occurs when fungus infects the face but is a rather rare location to diagnose tinea and I do not often encounter it in either my Woodlands dermatology or Conroe dermatology clinics.  Most patients with tinea faciei are children and they usually acquire the fungus from animals.  Trichophyton tonsurans is the most common type of […]

Pitted keratolysis is not a fungus but is a clinical mimicker of tinea pedis (athlete’s foot).  It is rather rare in Montgomery County as I only encounter pitted keratolysis about once a month in my Conroe dermatology and the Woodlands dermatology clinics.  It is caused by bacteria called Kytococcus sedentarius. Where is Pitted Keratolysis Most […]

Erythrasma is a rather uncommon infection, which I may frequently in my the Woodlands dermatology and Conroe dermatology clinics.  It is a bacterial infection that arises from a normal skin flora inhabitant,Cornybacterium minutissimum, which overgrows in areas of warmth, heat and moisture such as the intertriginous folds under the arms and in the groin.  The bacteria […]

Tinea capitis is a skin condition I encounter in both my Conroe dermatology and The Woodlands dermatology offices.  The majority of cases usually occur in children.  The most common cause of tinea capitis in the United States is Trichophyton tonsurans.  This type of fungus produces a “black dot” type of tinea capitis, in which the hairs are […]

Groin rashes are extremely common especially in Texas where the majority of the year it is hot and humid so in a typical day in both my Conroe dermatology and the Woodlands dermatology clinics I see between 5 to 6 patients with groin rashes.  Groin rashes begin due to the friction and chafing of two […]

Tinea Pedis is one of the more common skin conditions patient’s present with in both my Conroe dermatology and the Woodlands dermatology offices.  The feet become itchy and develop white/red scaly plaques.  It is the most common fungal infection.  The majority of all cases of tinea pedis are caused by the dermatophyte,Trichophyton rubrum, which also […]

Tinea versicolor is one of the more common fungal infections that I see in my Conroe and The Woodlands dermatology clinics.  Malassezia furfur and globes are the two most common types of yeast that cause tinea versicolor.  This type of yeast grows in moist, humid climates and prefers oily/lipid-rich areas of the human body such […]